Chapter Thirty-One: The Sizzling Sixties, Part One
In this three-part lecture you will learn about the raucous decade of the 1960's, which brought to fruition both the promises and the perils of its parent decade, the 1950's, but also required the country to overcome new challenges to traditional American culture at home and American power abroad. You will learn how, and why, the burgeoning Civil Rights Movement, overdue in the country's history since the failure of Reconstruction almost a hundred years earlier, finally got off the ground in a big way, and how the key players in the Movement organized their demonstrations to create public support that could then be directed at Congress to persuade the peoples' representatives to propose new laws outlawing Jim Crow in the South, and segregation and discrimination everywhere. With the charismatic Dr. Martin Luther King as their eloquent spokesman, the leaders of the Movement caught an incoming wave on the tide of American history and rode it into every citizen's living room as the family watched the nightly news. In this lecture you will learn about the remarkable planning, skill, courage, and patience that went into organizing that effort. You will also learn what was happening in the Vietnam War, why President Kennedy didn't end it when he had the chance, and why President Johnson, Kennedy's successor, actually wanted to expand the war rather than bring the boys home. You will learn what Kennedy and Khrushchev had to say to each other after the collapse in rancor and acrimony of the peace talks Khrushchev had said he wanted to have with Eisenhower, and why Kennedy and Khrushchev ended up writing their own acrimonious chapter in the poison pen history book of relations between their two countries, this time tempting the hand of fate to send the Satan of nuclear Armageddon down upon them both. You will discover how that insane outcome was narrowly averted, and what both leaders did when it was over to make sure it did not happen again. Kennedy was gone after only three years into the 1960's, however, so the rest of the decade belonged to his successor, Lyndon Johnson. Johnson shared Kennedy's goals, but his methods for achieving them could not have been more different. From freedom rides to freedom dies, from college campus to culture clash, from the March on Washington to the march of history itself, here, in this lecture and the two that follow it, is the whole dizzy, exhilarating, sometimes tragic but never boring story of the 1960's in America. This file is Part One of Chapter Thirty-one, is two hours and twenty minutes in length and 128 MB in size. You may download it twice. Give it plenty of time to do so. Parts Two and Three are found in the store.